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Macedonia STRUGA




Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski

 The beginings of the museum activities in Macedonia are unseparatelly connected to the person and the name of Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski and the museum in Struga. 80 years ago, way back in 1928, this educated and respected Russian emigrant whose destiny and life carried him away from his country, way to Macedonia in Struga, in one of the wooden cotages of his ambulance will open the doors for the firs collection, founding by that the bases of the future Museum of natural science in Struga, and at whole of the museology in Macedonia. In 1938, this exhibition becomes permanent display and was presented in the new building in which is stil placed today. Immaculate in its concept and with the presented material mostly collected and prepared, and displayed by Nezlobinski him self, the collection did not lose of its value and authenticity during the years. On the contrary it become more valuable as an historical and documentary value, as a testimony of one time, one diferent Struga and one completely diffrent eco system, now gone forever. Today 80 years later, the museum in Struga is a modern institution within which, besides the department of natural science and biology, there are also the arheological,ethnological and the department of history and the artistic department. As well as the gallerry Vangel Kogjoman.                                                                                                                               

Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski

- humanitarian, visionar -

 Nikolaj Antonovic  Nezlobinski was born on 12.05.1885, in the city of Pjatigorsk, south Russia. Unfrtunalety we don't have more informations about his family, besides that of his father who was an engineer, and it was him who developed his love for the nature and the wild life. Love that will later become passion which will found the basis for the founding of the Museum in Struga. In 1907 with a military scolarship  Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski became student at the Military Medical Academy, in the Russian capital of St. Petersburg. He was devoted student for what he recived the "Golden Medal", for his researches. He continues his researchj work during his whole life and profesional engagement. He graduates at the Academy in 1912 and since he had a military scholarship he remained in service as a military doctor. World War I finds young Nezlobinski as a doctor in the Russian Black sea fleet. In November 1917 the October Revolution starts where Nezlobinski stayed on the side of the Tsar, in White Guard army.

 The end of the war does not bring peace in Russia. The battles between the soviets and the White Guard last until 1921 when they were defeated and forced to leave Russia. Whitin the group of emigrants which leave Russia in 1921 he comes to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, together with his wife Sofija. Honoring the reputation and the education of Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski the Ministry of public Health assigns him o duty in Macedonia, first in Kriva Palanka and later in Struga. On 28 of August 1924 Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski together with his wife comes to Struga. He was send to Struga on amissoin to fight the disease malaria, endemic disease which was a problem in the area for a long time. Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski chooses on of 3 isles between the flows of the river Drim, on the rivers way out of the city.

 Soon after he placed the 3 wooden house on the isles recived as a military reparations from the previous war. Inone of them he lived with his wife in the second were settled his co-workers. The last of houses was meant to become a hospital facility for the other health services. In time they melioried the flow of the river forming a dry ara on the left river bank of Crn Drim.

 Nikola Nezlobinski started with the monitoring and with the recognizing and studying the health condition in Struga area and based on that almost 50% of the population was sick with the disease malaria. Malaria was cause of enenormous fatality amongst the children particularly the newborns.                                           

Mihail MakarovMihail Makarov

The disease caused nosier weakness in the organs of the adults causing rapid lost of immunity also accompanied with other diseues such as TBC. Because of that Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski took drastic measures. Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski prepeared and opened an Ambulance to fight the disease Malria, a Stationary, built by people of the are which soon become a hospital, becoming by that the founder of the first institution of public health in Struga and its surrounding.                  

Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski took his associates to work by his side at the hospital Georgi Rudnjev, who runed the laboratory, while Mihail Makarov was asigned at the hospital handling and maintaining the equipment which was brought in soon after Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski founded the hospital.
                                                                                 

 In time  Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski started to include medical stuff at the hospital from the local population. For his work and achievments for containing the disease  Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski was decorated in1929 with the Medalof St.Sava, IV-th order, and the same year was declared honorable citizen of Struga.              



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Медицинскиот персонал од диспанзеро?на??Никола Незлобинск?
Медицински персонал
Бараките од маларичнио?диспанзе??стациона?на ??Никола Незлобинск?
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FOUNDING OF MUSEUM IN STRUGA

Born and raised in a country with extremly rich natural beauty Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski was amazed by the free spaces aroun Struga, the surrounding mountains, the river Crn Drim and Radika with their colrful gorges and mountain chains which fascinated this great naturalist. Ohrid lake which become his daily routine and inspire him with his beauty and variety of life forms. Although his priority in Strugawas fighing malria, the causes for the disease and its carries, all of them published in the article "About the lentoid parasits", which by recommendetion was published in the respected Yearbook of the voice of the Serbian Royal Academy.
His researches were conducted around the city and the closest surrounding that was a swmp than, were he had the opportunity to obseve this riches and the variety of life forms settled in it. That woke up his passion from his youth, passion towards the nature and animals, and in a while he succeeded to create asmall private collection of stuffed animals.
Бараката од диспанзеро?каде била поставен?првата поставка во 1928 го?/strong>
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                                     <td align= Way back in 1926 in one of ooden houses he lived he st an exhibition, where he displayed the prepared exponents. After this event his collection continued to grow with new spcimens. So in a very short time frame the collection become that numerous  that in 1928 Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski had to rlocate the excebition in another one of the wooode houses, placing it there as a permanent exhibition, founding by that the Museum of Natural Science in Struga and becoming the founder of the museology in Macedonia as well.
Изглед на поставката на експонат?од природонаучнат?изложб? снимен?1928 го?
Музеј_1928
Изглед на поставката на експонат?од природонаучнат?изложб? снимен?1930 го?
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In 1938 Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski  initiated the project to build a new museum facility which was warmly accepted. He made the project him self and by the next year the building was finished with a big help from the citizens them selves. Right after that Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski started with prepearing the enterior of the museum all by him self, and the people he hired as a help. Including craftsmen's carpenters with their help he prepared and made the self cabinets for the exponents. So in 1940 the exhibition was ready and the museum was opened for public.
??Никола Незлобинск?со соработницит?на тере?Елма?Амза, Геки Дуду? Суљо Таксим ?Миле Шуле
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                                <td style= ??Никола Незлобинск?со соработницит?препаратор?Елма?Амза ?Миле Шуле(стои)
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                                <td align= Prevously in 1937 with a document of approval from the Royl governtment the myseum in Struga was recognized as a science institution and was renamed into Museum of Natural Sciences. During the war the musum building was completely taken over by the occupation forces which adapted and used the building for military causes. But before the building was seized Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski  along with the local people removed the exhibition packing it carefully in boxes, which were take away from the museum and hidden in thr surrounding houses.
In military year of 1942 Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski died suddenly, probably from heart atack. The citizens of Struga  with deep  and sincere sorrow organize him a funeral with honors. His wife Sofija lived 15 years after her husband and she worked as a teacher of Russian and French language and music after the war. The grave of the Struga's honorable citizen Dr. Nikola Antonovic  Nezlobinski, is still to be found in the Alley of the most recognized citizens at the Struga cemetery. Shortly after the war the museum was reinstitued, repaired and adapted into the facility it was before the war, and the exhebition was placed again on the shelves and cabinets, following the same concept Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski once made.
With grditude and recognition to the man who created it, the museum in Struga was named after him, and therfore been given the name: Peoples museum Dr. Nikola Nezlobinski. In time the museum developed an today 3 facilties which are contained by the following departments:
  • depatrment of Natural science, zoology and botanical
  • depatrments of history,archeology, ethnology
  • depatrment of Art and ar history, accomanied by the art gallery Vangel Kodzoman
Факсимил од корицата на "Глас Српске краљевск?академиј?, 1939 го? 
Музеј_1930
Факсимил од тексто?на??Никола Незлобинск?објаве?во "Глас Српске краљевск? академиј? 
Музеј_1930